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ASTM C1168-2008

分析用钚材料的制备和溶解规程

Standard Practice for Preparation and Dissolution of Plutonium Materials for Analysis

适用范围:<p>The materials covered are plutonium metal, plutonium oxide, and uranium-plutonium mixed oxide, including those that must meet ASTM product specifications. </p> <p>Plutonium and uranium mixtures are used as nuclear reactor fuels. For use as a nuclear reactor fuel, the material must meet certain criteria for combined uranium and pluto-<br> nium content, effective fissile content, and impurity content as described in Specifications C 757<astmref rid="a00001">, C 833<astmref rid="a00002">, and C 1008<astmref rid="a00003">. The material is assayed for plutonium and uranium to determine if the content is correct as specified by the purchaser.</p> <p>The materials not covered are unique plutonium materials, including alloys, compounds, and scrap materials. The user must determine the applicability of this practice to these other materials. In general, these unique plutonium materials are dissolved with various acid mixtures or by fusion with various fluxes. Many plutonium salts are soluble in hydrochloric acid.</p><p id="s00002">1.1 This practice is a compilation of dissolution techniques for plutonium materials that are applicable to the test methods used for characterizing these materials. Dissolution treatments for the major plutonium materials assayed for plutonium or analyzed for other components are listed. Aliquants of the dissolved samples are dispensed on a weight basis when one of the analyses must be highly reliable, such as plutonium assay; otherwise they are dispensed on a volume basis.</p> <p id="s00003">1.2 The treatments, in order of presentation, are as follows:</p><p id="n00001"><table summary="TABLE 1" frame="void" id="n00001" class="rules"> <tr><td align="left" valign="top" colspan="2"></td></tr> <tr><td align="center" valign="top">Procedure Title</td><td align="center" valign="top">Section</td></tr> <tr><td align="left" valign="top">Dissolution of Plutonium Metal with Hydrochloric Acid</td><td align="center" valign="top">9.1</td></tr> <tr><td align="left" valign="top">Dissolution of Plutonium Metal with Sulfuric Acid</td><td align="center" valign="top">9.2</td></tr> <tr><td align="left" valign="top">Dissolution of Plutonium Oxide and Uranium-Plutonium Mixed<br> Oxide by the Sealed-Reflux Technique</td><td align="center" valign="top">9.3</td></tr> <tr><td align="left" valign="top">Dissolution of Plutonium Oxide and Uranium-Plutonium Mixed<br> Oxides by Sodium Bisulfate Fusion</td><td align="center" valign="top">9.4</td></tr> <tr><td align="left" valign="top">Dissolution of Uranium-Plutonium Mixed Oxides and Low-Fired<br> Plutonium Oxide in Beakers</td><td align="center" valign="top">9.5</td></tr></table></p> <p id="s00004">1.3 The values stated in SI units are to be regarded as standard.</p> <p id="s00005">1.4 <span class="italic">This standard does not purport to address all of the safety concerns, if any, associated with its use. It is the responsibility of the user of this standard to establish appropriate safety and health practices and determine the applicability of regulatory limitations prior to use.</span>

实施日期: 2008-01-01

中标分类号: F46 - 能源、核技术 - 核材料、核燃料及其分析试验方法

ICS分类号: 27.120.30 - 能源和热传导工程 - 裂变物质

标准组织: ASTM - 美国材料与试验协会标准

全文来源: WF

英文关键词: compilation of dissolution techniques plutonium analysis preparation plutonium dissolution plutonium metal dissolution plutonium oxide dissolution uranium-plutonium mixed oxide dissolution Chemical analysis--nuclear materials Contamination--nuclear Dissolution Plutonium Plutonium solutions Specimen preparation (for testing)--nuclear applications Uranium-plutonium mixed oxide

语种: 汉语

页数: 5

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