Standard Test Method for Steady-State Heat Transfer Properties of Pipe Insulation
适用范围：<p>As determined by this test method, the pipe insulation lineal thermal resistance or conductance (and, when applicable, the thermal resistivity or conductivity) are means of comparing insulations which include the effects of the insulation and its fit upon the pipe, circumferential and longitudinal jointing, and variations in construction, but do not include the effects of the outer surface resistance or heat transfer coefficient. They are thus appropriate when the insulation outer-surface temperature and the pipe temperature are known or specified. However, since the thermal properties determined by this test method include the effects of fit and jointing, they are not true material properties. Therefore, properties determined by this test method are somewhat different from those obtained on apparently similar material in flat form using the guarded hot plate, Test Method <a href="http://myastm.astm.org/SUBSCRIPTION/NewValidateSubscription.cgi?C177-HTML">C177</a>, or the heat flow meter apparatus, Test Method <a href="http://myastm.astm.org/SUBSCRIPTION/NewValidateSubscription.cgi?C518-HTML">C518</a>.</p> <p>The pipe insulation lineal thermal transference incorporates both the effect of the insulation and its fit upon the pipe and also the effect of the surface heat-transfer coefficient. It is appropriate when the ambient conditions and the pipe temperature are known or specified and the thermal effects of the surface are to be included.</p> <p>Because of the test condition requirements prescribed in this test method, recognize that the thermal transfer properties obtained will not necessarily be the value pertaining under all service conditions. As an example, this test method provides that the thermal properties shall be obtained by tests on dry or conditioned specimens, while such conditions are not necessarily realized in service. The results obtained are strictly applicable only for the conditions of test and for the product construction tested, and must not be applied without proper adjustment when the material is used at other conditions, such as mean temperatures that differ appreciably from those of the test. With these qualifications in mind, the following apply:</p> <p>For horizontal or vertical pipes of the same size and temperature, operating in the same ambient environment, values obtained by this test method can be used for the direct comparison of several specimens, for comparison to specification values, and for engineering data for estimating heat loss of actual applications of specimens identical to those tested (including any jackets or surface treatments). When appropriate, correct for the effect of end joints and other recurring irregularities (4.4). </p> <p>When applying the results to insulation sizes different from those used in the test, an appropriate mathematical analysis is required. For homogeneous materials, this consists of the use of the thermal conductivity or resistivity values (corrected for any changes in mean temperature) plus the use of the surface heat transfer coefficient when the ambient temperature is considered (for example, see Practice <a href="http://myastm.astm.org/SUBSCRIPTION/NewValidateSubscription.cgi?C680-HTML">C680</a>). For nonhomogeneous and reflective insulation materials, a more detailed mathematical model is required which properly accounts for the individual modes of heat transfer (conduction, convection, radiation) and the variation of each mode with changing pipe size, insulation thickness, and temperature.</p> <p>It is difficult to measure the thermal performance of reflective insulation that incorporate air cavities, since the geometry and orientation of the air cavities can affect convective heat transfer. While it is always desirable to test full-length pipe sections, this is not always possible due to size limitations of existing pipe insulation testers. If insulation sections are tested less than full length, internal convective heat transfer are ......
中标分类号： Q25 - 建材 - 绝热、吸声、轻质与防火材料
ICS分类号： 91.100.60 - 建筑材料和建筑物
标准组织： ASTM - 美国材料与试验协会标准
英文关键词： apparent thermal conductivity experimental design radial heat transfer steady state heat transfer thermal resistance Heating tests--thermal insulation Insulated flat surfaces/pipes Pipe thermal insulation Thermal transmission properties--steady-state
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