Standard Test Method for Commercial Mass of a Shipment of Yarn or Manufactured Staple Fiber or Tow
适用范围：<p>This test method is considered satisfactory as a referee method for acceptance testing of commercial shipments of yarn or manufactured staple fibers.</p> <p>If there are differences of practical significance between reported test results for two laboratories (or more), comparative tests should be performed to determine if there is a statistical bias between them, using competent statistical assistance. As a minimum, use the samples for such a comparative test that are as homogeneous as possible, drawn from the same lot of material as the samples that resulted in disparate results during initial testing and randomly assigned in equal numbers to each laboratory. The test results from the laboratories involved should be compared using a statistical test for unpaired data, a probability level chosen prior to the testing series. If a bias is found, either its casuse must be found and corrected, or future test results for that material must be adjusted in consideration of the known bias.</p> <p>Option I is generally used to calculate the commercial mass of spun yarns, textured yarns, tops, and slivers. When materials are sold on a CMRU basis, the purchaser pays for the fiber lubricant or other removable processing aids.</p> <p>Option II is generally used to calculate the commercial mass of as-produced manufactured filament yarns (except some producer-textured yarns), manufactured staple fibers, and tows. This option is intended to reflect the mass of fiber remaining after fiber lubricants and processing aids are removed.</p> <p>Option III is in common use in other countries, particularly in Europe.</p> <p>Option IV is in common use with yarns made of wool or wool blends and some aramids.</p> <p>When it can be shown that solvent extraction or another method of testing gives the same results, or results that have a constant ratio to those obtained by the scour procedure, that method may be used for routine testing of known production but should not be substituted for a scour on new or unknown material. For the determination of extractable matter, refer to Test Method <a href="http://myastm.astm.org/SUBSCRIPTION/NewValidateSubscription.cgi?D2257-HTML">D2257</a>.</p> <p>When the finish is not removable by a water scour, a solvent extraction may be substituted on agreement between the purchaser and the supplier.</p> <p>Under certain circumstances, samples taken from yarns and manufactured staple fibers and tows can change moisture content rapidly. For this reason, very careful planning and handling of samples are required to prevent major biases in commercial mass results.</p><p id="s00002">1.1 This test method provides a measurement of the commercial mass of a shipment of yarn or manufactured staple fiber or tow. This test method applies to (<span class="italic">1</span>) yarn of all fiber types except silk, glass, asbestos, and bast; (<span class="italic">2</span>) tops and slivers of all fiber types except wool, silk, glass, asbestos, and bast; and (<span class="italic">3</span>) manufactured fibers or tow, except glass and other fibers used for special purposes such as flock (Note 1). <p class="desc" id="N00001"> <span class="smallcap">Note</span> 18212;For other test methods for measuring mass of fibrous materials, refer to Practice <a href="http://myastm.astm.org/SUBSCRIPTION/NewValidateSubscription.cgi?D2720-HTML">D2720</a>. </p> </p> <p id="s00003">1.1.1 Sampling in this test method is primarily for use in acceptance testing rather than production control. manufactured fiber producers usually sample for the commercial <span class=''unicode''>x201C;</span>mass<span class=''unicode''>x201D;</span> of product on an on-going basis rather than each shipment to a customer.</p> <p id="s00004">1.2 Commercial mass has been traditionally based on one of three options depending on the state of the material: (<span class="italic">1</span>) dried, unscoured yarn, staple fiber, tow, and so forth, using commercial moisture......
中标分类号： W10 - 纺织 - 棉纺织综合
ICS分类号： 59.080.20 - 纺织和皮革技术 - 纱线
标准组织： ASTM - 美国材料与试验协会标准
英文关键词： commercial mass textile fibers textile strand yarn Acceptance criteria/testing--textile fabrics/fibers Gross mass of tare Manufactured fiber Mass--commercial mass Tare Textile strands Tow Yarn properties
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