Standard Guide for Stewardship for the Cleaning of Commercial and Institutional Buildings
适用范围：<p>Cleaning provides well documented benefits in terms of creating cleaner, safer, and healthier surroundings by extracting harmful pollutants from the indoor environment (see Ref <span class="bold">(3)</span>). An improperly maintained indoor environment could give rise to biological contaminants, and buildup of particulate matter and gases which can have serious health effects. These negative impacts may have adverse affects on worker productivity affecting both cleaning personnel and tenants through increased complaints, absenteeism, injuries, asthmatic incidents, or other symptoms. Inappropriate or improper use or selection of cleaning products and processes, along with failure to follow label directions could result in injury or illness to cleaning personnel or building occupants. In addition, it may be detrimental to the physical structure and systems of the building, or to the environment. Moreover, owners and operators maintain the liability for the proper function of the building and its impacts on the occupants and cleaning personnel.</p> <p>This guide provides a basic reference for the development and preservation of a building environment that is considered safe and healthy for occupants, while reducing the stress on the overall environment as a result of routine maintenance. The anticipated users of this guide include building managers, cleaning personnel, product suppliers and distributors, union representatives, and building occupants who serve together in a stewardship role regarding the maintenance of the building. This guide is intended to raise pertinent questions regarding specific building environments in order that an appropriate stewardship strategy may be developed, for example:</p> <p>How is the building used?</p></p> <p>Are there any special cleaning requirements?</p></p> <p>Are there any at-risk populations that need to be considered, such as children, asthmatics, or pregnant woman?</p></p> <p>How are cleaning materials used?</p></p> <p>Are there any special issues relevant to construction and furnishings?</p></p> <p>Are there any issues relating to building age/architectural, such as historic preservation requirements?</p></p> <p>are there any engineering concerns, such as HVAC systems and natural ventilation?</p></p> <p>How is the quality of cleaning being evaluated or measured?</p></p> <p>Regardless of the specific requirements, this guide will help in the formulation of a comprehensive plan resulting in reduced risk to cleaning personnel, building occupants, and the environment.</p> <p>This guide will help the building owner and operator understand the cleaning process through the following:</p> <p>The development of a stewardship plan (see Section 6), will clarify the level of cleanliness that is required or expected, and will ensure that the cleaning process is carried out in a consistent manner with adequate communication feedback to promote success of the plan.</p> <p>An understanding of extended product responsibility (see Section 7) and the importance of shared responsibility. This section includes task identification and performance requirements, process and product selection, use, storage, and disposal.</p> <p>An identification of the training and communications issues (see Section 8) that will encourage involvement with the entire chain-of-commerce in the cleaning process. These issues are related to both procedural training and feedback opportunities for cleaning personnel, as well as information sharing with building tenants to inform them of possible cleaning process impacts.</p><p id="s00002">1.1 This guide covers a procedure to assist owners and operators of commercial and institutional buildings in the stewardship of cleaning and housekeeping operations. The focus of this guide is to address appropriate cleaning activities and processes, to promote eco-efficiency and sustainability, and to avoid adverse impacts on the building occupants, cleaning personnel, the bu......
标准组织： ASTM - 美国材料与试验协会标准
英文关键词： cleaning commercial buildings custodial services extended product responsibility green buildings housekeeping indoor air quality janitorial services loss prevention operations and maintenance regulatory compliance risk minimization stewardship Indoor air analysis Institutional buildings Operational conditions/objectives/principals--buildings Risk analysis--buildings
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