Standard Guide for Developing a Cost-Effective Risk Mitigation Plan for New and Existing Constructed Facilities
适用范围：<p>Standard practices for measuring the economic performance of investments in buildings and building systems have been published by ASTM. A computer program that produces economic measures consistent with these practices is available. The computer program is described in Appendix X3. Discount Factor Tables has been published by ASTM to facilitate computing measures of economic performance for most of the practices.</p> <p>Investments in long-lived projects, such as the erection of new constructed facilities or additions and alterations to existing constructed facilities, are characterized by uncertainties regarding project life, operation and maintenance costs, revenues, and other factors that affect project economics. Since future values of these variable factors are generally unknown, it is difficult to make reliable economic evaluations.</p> <p>The traditional approach to uncertainty in project investment analysis is to apply economic methods of project evaluation to best-guess estimates of project input variables, as if they were certain estimates, and then to present results in a single-value, deterministic fashion. When projects are evaluated without regard to uncertainty of inputs to the analysis, decision makers may have insufficient information to measure and evaluate the financial risk of investing in a project having a different outcome from what is expected.</p> <p>To make reliable economic evaluations, treatment of uncertainty and risk is particularly important for projects affected by natural and man-made hazards that occur infrequently, but have significant consequences.</p> <p>Following this guide when performing an economic evaluation assures the user that relevant economic information, including information regarding uncertain input variables, is considered for projects affected by natural and man-made hazards.</p> <p>Use this guide in the project initiation and planning phases of the project delivery process. Consideration of alternative combinations of risk mitigation strategies early in the project delivery process allows both greater flexibility in addressing specific hazards and lower costs associated with their implementation.</p> <p>Use this guide for economic evaluations based on Practices E 917<astmref rid="a00003"> (life-cycle costs), E 964<astmref rid="a00004"> (benefit-to-cost and savings-to-investment ratios), E 1057<astmref rid="a00005"> (internal rate of return and adjusted internal rate of return), E 1074<astmref rid="a00006"> (net benefits and net savings), and E 1765<astmref rid="a00011"> (analytical hierarchy process for multiattribute decision analysis).</p> <p>Use this guide in conjunction with Guide E 2204<astmref rid="a00015"> to summarize the results of economic evaluations involving natural and man-made hazards.</p><p id="s00002">1.1 This guide describes a generic framework for developing a cost-effective risk mitigation plan for new and existing constructed facilities<span class=''unicode''>x2014;</span>buildings, industrial facilities, and other critical infrastructure. This guide provides owners and managers of constructed facilities, architects, engineers, constructors, other providers of professional services for constructed facilities, and researchers an approach for formulating and evaluating combinations of risk mitigation strategies.</p> <p id="s00003">1.2 This guide insures that the combinations of mitigation strategies are formulated so that they can be rigorously analyzed with economic tools. Economic tools include evaluation methods, standards that support and guide the application of those methods, and software for implementing the evaluation methods.</p> <p id="s00004">1.3 The generic framework described in this guide helps decision makers assess the likelihood that their facility and its contents will be damaged from natural and man-made hazards; identify engineering, management, and financial strategies for abating the risk of damages; and use standard......
中标分类号： A02,P02 - 综合
ICS分类号： 91.040.01 - 建筑材料和建筑物 - 建筑综合
标准组织： ASTM - 美国材料与试验协会标准
英文关键词： adjusted internal rate of return analytical hierarchy process building condition assessment building economics building systems cost analysis economic evaluation methods economic impacts engineering economics homeland security impact assessment life-cycle costs man-made hazards measures of economic performance Monte Carlo simulation multiattribute decision analysis natural hazards net savings present-value analysis project management risk assessment risk mitigation strategies savings-to-investment ratio sensitivity analysis Risk analysis--buildings Analytical hierarchy process (AHP)
网络出版服务许可证：(署)网出证(京)字第072号 互联网药品信息服务资格证书号：(京)-经营性-2016-0015 信息网络传播视听节目许可证 许可证号：0108284