DIN EN ISO 24014-1-2008
Public transport - Interoperable fare management system - Part 1: Architecture
适用范围：This part of ISO 24014 provides the basis for the development of multi-operator/multi-service Interoperablepublic surface (including subways) transport Fare Management Systems (IFMSs) on a national andinternational level.This part of ISO 24014 is applicable to bodies in public transport and related services which agree that theirsystems need to interoperate.While this part of ISO 24014 does not imply that existing interoperable fare management systems need to bechanged, it applies, so far as it is practically possible, to extensions of these.This part of ISO 24014 covers the definition of a conceptual framework, which is independent of organisationaland physical implementation. Any reference within this part of ISO 24014 to organisational or physicalimplementation is purely informative.The objective of this part of ISO 24014 is to define a reference functional architecture for IFMSs and to identifythe requirements that are relevant to ensure Interoperability between several Actors in the context of the useof electronic tickets. The IFMS includes all the functions involved in the fare management process, such as -- management of Application; -- management of Products; -- security management; -- certification, registration and identification. This part of ISO 24014 defines the following main elements: -- identification of the different functional entities in relation to the overall fare management system; -- a generic model of IFMS describing the logical and functional architecture and the interfaces within the system and with other IFMSs; -- Use Cases describing the interactions and data flows between the different functional entities; -- security requirements. This part of ISO 24014 excludes consideration of -- the physical Medium and its management; -- the technical aspects of the interface between the Medium and the Medium Access Device; -- the data exchanges between the Medium and the Medium Access Device; NOTE The data exchanges between the Medium and the Medium Access Device are proposed by other standardisation committees. -- the financial aspects of fare management systems (e.g. customer payments, method of payment, settlement, apportionment, reconciliation).
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