Standard Practice for Measuring Life-Cycle Costs of Buildings and Building Systems
适用范围：<p>LCC analysis is an economic method for evaluating a project or project alternatives over a designated study period. The method entails computing the LCC for alternative building designs or system sp...
Standard Classification for Building Elements and Related Sitework桿NIFORMAT II
适用范围：<p>This classification defines building elements as major components common to most buildings. The classification is the common thread linking activities and participants in a building project from ini...
Standard Practice for Life-Cycle Cost Analysis of Plastic Pipe Used for Culverts,Storm Sewers,and Other Buried Conduits
适用范围：<p>LCC analysis is an economic method to evaluate alternatives that are characterized by differing cash flows over the designated project design life. The method entails calculating the LCC of each al...
Standard Practice for Measuring Benefit-to-Cost and Savings-to-Investment Ratios for Buildings and Building Systems
适用范围：<p>The BCR and SIR provide measures of economic performance in a single number that indicates whether a proposed building or building system is preferred over a mutually exclusive alternative that serv...
Standard Practice for Performing and Reporting Cost Analysis During the Design Phase of a Project
适用范围：<p>This practice increases the level of communication, provides an organized approach to cost control during the design of a project, and also provides a means of identifying extraordinary cost items a...
Standard Guide for Financing and Financial Accountability of Medical Transportation Systems
适用范围：<p id="s00011"><span class="italic"><span class="italic">Management</span>8212;</span>Sound fiscal management is essential for all medical transportation systems. Without sufficient financial resources...
Standard Practice for Constructing FAST Diagrams and Performing Function Analysis During Value Analysis Study
适用范围：This practice establishes a communication format through which all stakeholders can understand, analyze, revise, and agree on the purposes of the project. This practice presents a method by which stake...
Standard Classification for Cost Estimate Classification System
适用范围：Use of this classification will improve communication among all the stakeholders involved with preparing, evaluating, and using cost estimates.
Standard Classification for Building Construction Field Requirements,and Office Overhead& Profit
适用范围：<p>4.1 This classification defines an integral part of any construction estimate and cost record. It classifies the non-permanent portion of construction activity that is essential to allow physical i...
网络出版服务许可证：(署)网出证(京)字第072号 互联网药品信息服务资格证书号：(京)-经营性-2016-0015 信息网络传播视听节目许可证 许可证号：0108284